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Water Tips

Timing is important when you are watering your plants. The best time suited for watering is in the morning, before sunlight reaches its strongest intensity and it is best time for them to do photosynthesis.

Water is essential but overdose of anything is harmful. Roots need both air and water. Covering plant completely with water will not enable roots to respire and thus leading to death of plants.
Water requirements vary according to the plant life cycle stage. When plants are in initial stage or developing fruit and flower they need regular watering.
Mature plants with well developed root systems can be watered heavily and less often. Well developed root system enables to reach to underground water table easily and thus don't need regular watering.
While planting plants in pots don't fill the pot up to the rim of the pot. This makes it much harder to water as you'll have to dribble water over the soil and wait until it seeps in. Leave enough space that you can pour in some water and let it soak in on its own.
Avoid watering plants in night especially those which are easily susceptible to diseases. If water sits on plant foliage for hours, it can encourage fungal diseases to attack leaves, buds, flowers, and fruit.
Shallow and insufficient watering encourages weak root systems and makes the plant more vulnerable to collapse. When you water, make sure you do it thoroughly, so water runs through the container. This also helps flush out fertilizer salts, which can be dangerous if they accumulate
Pay attention to water quality. Some plants cannot tolerate chlorinated tap water, while other plants have a difficult time with soft water. Use the cleanest water possible, such as rainwater, water that has been left out for a few days to dechlorinate, or reverse osmosis water.
When you're on vacation the main problem your plants face is lack of water. A simple and effective method of preventing your plant from drying out is to water it thoroughly and wrap both pot and plant with plastic. Before wrapping, cut away unhealthy foliage and any buds about to open. Keep the plant away from direct sunlight and heating vents.

Sunlight Tips

Turn the plant every week. Turning the plant one-quarter turn each week will prevent it from growing unevenly towards the light.

Usually plants need 6 to 8 hours of sun in a day. But some plants like shade so avoid placing them directly in sun. Place them according to your needs and requirements.
Sunlight is indispensable for photosynthesis and thus sufficient amount is needed for different according to their habitat.

Soil Tips

Loosen surface soil occasionally if it becomes coated and hard, but avoid damaging the roots.

Mix a good proportion of soil and compost manure for new plants. Avoid chemical fertilizers too much, instead try nature's own compost.
Dry leaves or moss grass can be spread on the soil in a half to one inch to prevent early evaporation, reducing the need for watering. This layer also helps suppress weed formation in winter, it helps retain warmth. The best time to mulch is during autumn and spring.
Do manuring twice a year. For manuring collect dry leaves in an earthen pot, add a layer of earth, a layer of leaves topped by another layer for earth. Sprinkle some water and put a lid on it. Your natural manure will be ready in a month. Instead of the leaves or along with them, you can add egg shells or vegetable peels.
Eradicate weeds. Such invaders in your garden don't just carry diseases and pests, but also compete with your existing plants for precious soil nutrients.
Certain techniques like crop rotation can be practiced to restore soil properties time to time. Crop rotation is a technique which involves growing alternate crops every season.
Sufficient interval must be provided between two watering to allow soil to dry. If soil is constantly keep moist, over watering may deprive soil of oxygen and it becomes susceptible to pest and disease. For this reason, lawn irrigation systems if not designed correctly can be hazardous to ornamental plants.

Seed Tips

A few seeds need special treatment to speed germination. Hard seed coats that are slow to absorb moisture can be nicked with a knife (chipped) or rubbed with sandpaper (scarified), or the seeds can be soaked in warm water overnight. Other seeds may need to be chilled in the refrigerator to simulate winter conditions.

Proper sowing time for specific seed need to be known.
When seedlings have two sets of true leaves (the first leaves are called cotyledons—or seed leaves—so wait for the true ones), start feeding once a week with a balanced fertilizer. Do not give overdose.
Before storing seeds for next sowing season, its necessary to dry them completely to avoid spoilage. Remove any remaining vegetable matter with water, and spread seeds out on a screen to dry in the sun. Give 3 – 4 days for small seeds and 5-6 days for larger seeds.

General Tips

While jamming plants in is a great way to get the most from your plot, it can also cause problems. Avoid planting your vegetables too close together. Good air flow between the plants can help prevent many types of fungal diseases.

While planting a new sapling, first soak plant for some time in the pot. Then dig a hole and fill it with water. Allow it to seep into soil. This gives plant a much better start than putting in into dry soil and then watering it.
Rather than sowing seeds directly in soil first buy saplings from nursery for quick results in cold climates. This strategy works best for tender vegetables like tomatoes and chilli peppers which take long time to ripen up.
While clearing off your garden every season, do not pull out plants from the roots or avoid tilling up each season .Rather than this just cut off them from the ground level. The new plants will use paths created by old plant roots that are decaying to ease new plant growth.
Do not put the same type of plant in the same spot every year. Rotating them is good for the soil and the plants.
If you are having garden full of flowers and you are fond of arranging them in various ways ,Cut them for arrangements in the morning when they are most full of moisture, this will help in their easy cutting and giving certain shape.
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